Under the new system, most soils of Rajasthan belong to only 5 orders – Aridsols, Alfisols, Antisols, Inceptisols and Vertisols.
The soils in Rajasthan have developed under the arid and humid climate over the bed rocks of complex nature predominately through Laterization.
The average temperature in Rajasthan is 23-27°C except Abu region and hilly regions where the mean temperature is 18-20°C.
The average rainfall in Rajasthan is 58-60cm. The eastern regions receives 100cm annual rainfall while the western region receives the 10cm annual rainfall.
The relative humidity in Rajasthan, in the months of summer season, March to June, is generally very low in the State of Rajasthan.
The Seasons in Rajasthan mainly comprise three main seasons i.e. summer season (hot weather season), rainy season and winter season (cold season).
The climate of Rajasthan, like the climate of any region is affected by many factors. Here is the some factors which decides the Climatic of Rajasthan.
The Climatic regions of Rajasthan are divided into five parts based on the distribution of rainfall and variation in temperature. However, based on Koeppen’s Classification or Thornthwaite’s Classification, the Climatic regions of Rajasthan can be divided into four parts.
The major dams in Rajasthan State are Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, Jawahar Sagar Dam, Kota Barrage, Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam, Bisalpur Dam, Meja Dam, Jawai Dam etc. The first four dams are constructed on Chambal River.
The Lakes of Rajasthan are Salt and sweet. The major saline or salt water lakes of Rajasthan are Sambhar, Didwana, Panchpdra, Lunkaransar etc, while the major fresh or sweet water lakes of Rajasthan are Fateh Sagar, Jaisamand, Pichola, Udaisagar, Swaroop Sagar, Pushkar, Ana Sagar, Foy Sagar tec