Geography of Rajasthan – An Introduction

Geography of Rajasthan – Introduction

The State of Rajasthan, an abode of Rajput rulers, is located in the north western part of the Indian subcontinent. It is the largest state of India in terms of area and has more physical variations than any other state.

The first mention of the name “Rajasthan” appears in the 1829’s publication “Annals and Antiquities of Rajast’han” or “The Central and Western Rajpoot States of India”, while the earliest known record of “Rajputana” as a name for the region is in George Thomas’s “1800 memoir Military Memories”.

Geography of Rajasthan – Geographical Extension

It has an area of 3,42,239 Sq. KM/1,32,140 Sq. Miles which is 10.41% (1/10 Part) of total India’s area 32,87,263 Sq. KM. Rajasthan’s Geographical location is 23°03′ North Latitude to 30°12′ North Latitude and 69°30′ East Longitude to 78°17′ East Longitude. The Latitude extension of Rajasthan is 07°09′ and Longitude extension is 08°47′. Since one minute is required for sun to pass 1° Longitude, the difference in time of Sunrise/Sunset is 35 minute 08 second form East to West.

The tropic of cancer, 23°30′ North Latitude, passes through the boundary of Dungarpura and middle of the Baswara district. The Baswara City is the closest city to the Tropic of Cancer in Rajasthan. The total length of tropic of cancer is 26KM in the Rajasthan state.

The Length of Rajasthan State from North to South is 826 KM and the width from East to West is 869 KM. The difference in length and width of Rajasthan is 43 KM. The length of diagonal from North-West to South-East is 850 KM while length of diagonal from South-East to North-East is 784 KM. The shape of Rajasthan State is Kite / Isosceles Quadrilateral / Rhombus.

Geography of Rajasthan Map
Geography of Rajasthan Map
Geography of Rajasthan – Geographical features

Rajasthan is the largest state of India. Rajasthan covers a territory which has a very mature topography, developed during thousands of years of denudation and erosional process.

The Aravalli, one of the oldest mountain range, passes through the middle of Rajasthan. It divides the Rajasthan into two natural divisions. Western part of the Aravalli, which covers the two-third part of the Rajasthan, is the Western Sandy Plain, while southern & eastern division of Aravalli has extensive hill ranges, beckoning valleys, dense forests and fertile plains.

On the basis of present landforms and climate, we can divide the Rajasthan into four following physiographic parts –
1. Western Sandy Plains
2. Aravalli Range and Hilly Region
3. Eastern Plains
4. South-eastern Rajasthan Pathar (Hadoti Plateau)

Geography of Rajasthan – Borders of Rajasthan

The total boundary length of Rajasthan State is 5920 KM. The length of International Boundary with Pakisthan (also called Red Cliff Line) is 1070 KM. The four districts of Rajasthan from North to South are Shri Ganganagar (210KM), Bikaner (168KM), Jaisalmer (464KM) & Barmer (228KM) and meet with the nine districts of Pakisthan. The boundary with Pakisthan extends from Hindumalkot of Shri Ganganagar district to Bhalgaon (Bhasasar) village of Barmer district.

There are total 23 districts of Rajasthan which have the interstate border. The length of this boundary with other states is 4870 KM. Details of the same are as follows –

Sr. No State Length of Boundary Total No of Districts touches with each other
1 Panjab 89 KM 2 districts of Punjab touches with 2 districts of Rajasthan (Shri Ganganagar & Hanumangarh)
2 Hariyana 1262 KM 7 districts of Hariyana touches with 7 districts of Rajasthan (Hanumangarh, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Jaipur, Alwar & Bharatpur)
3 Uttar Pardesh 877 KM 2 districts of Uttar Pardesh touches with 2 districts of Rajasthan (Bhartpur & Dholpur)
4 Madhya Pardesh 1600 KM 10 districts of Madhya Pardesh touches with 10 districts of Rajasthan (Dholpur, Karoli, Sawai Madhopur, Kota, Baran, Jhalawar, Chhittorgarh, Bhilwara, Banswara and Partapgarh)
5 Gujrat 1022 KM 6 districts of Gujrat touches with 6 districts of Rajasthan (Baswara, Dungarpur, Udaipur, SIrohi, Jalore and Barmer)

The eight districts of Rajasthan Ajmer, Rajsamand, Dausa, Bundi, Tonk, Pali, Nagaur and Jodhpur do not have International Boundary as well as Interstate Boundary. Pali makes boundary with highest number of districts, 8 districts i.e. Naguar, Jodhpur, Barmer, Jalore, Sirohi, Udaipur, Rajsamand and Ajmer.

Ajmer and Chittorgarh are two districts, boundary of which starts again after is ends. The minimum boundary with other state is of Barmer district with Gujrat State and maximum boundary with other state is of Jhalawar district with Madhya Pradesh.

Last Village in the all for direction of Rajasthan State –

Direction Village
East Silana Village, Rajakheda Tehsil, Dholpur District
West Katra Village, Sam Tehsil, Jaisalmer District
North Kona Village, Ganganagar Tehsil, Ganganagar District
South Borkund Village, Kushalgarh Tehsil, Banswara District
Geography of Rajasthan – Administrative Divisions

The process of formation of the state of Rajasthan started in 1948 and it got its status of full-flagged state on 01 November 2017. At that time the Rajasthan state was divided into the 26 state and these 26 states further divided into the 5 divisions.

This setup of divisions was scrapped in 1963. However, this setup revived on 15th January 1987. At this time, there are total seven divisions namely Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Kota, Bikaner, Udaipur and Bharatpur.

On 15th April 1982, the Dholpur district, 27th district, was created. Three new district Baran (From Kota district), Rajsamand (From Udaipur district) and Dausa (From Jaipur district) were created on 09 April 1991. After that, Hanumangarh (from Gangapur district) was created in 12 April 1994 whereas the Karauli (Sawai Madhopur district) were formed in 19 July 1997. The newest created district, 33th district, is Pratapgarh, which formed on 26th January 2008.

At present, the state of Rajasthan has total 33 districts and 7 Administrative Divisions with Jaipur at its Capital.

Sr No Division Districts Total No of Districts
1 Jaipur Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dausa 5
2 Jodhpur Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi 6
3 Ajmer Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk 4
4 Udaipur Udaipur, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Dungarpur, Rajsamand 6
5 Bikaner Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar, Hanumangarh 4
6 Kota Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota 4
7 Bharatpur Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur 4
Reference Articles / Books

Panorama, 7th Edition by H. D. Singh & others
Lakshya Rajasthan 2016 by Mahaveer Jain & others
Cotemporary Rajasthan by Dr. L. R. Bhalla & others
Rajasthan at Wikipedia


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